Similar to limestone in mineral composition and naturally occurring in hot springs, travertine is distinctive for its natural cavities. It can be “vein cut” to expose the linear patterns of the natural bedding planes, or “cross cut” (AKA “fleuri cut”) to reveal a more random and flowery pattern.
Travertine is found in Turkey, Iran, Italy, Mexico and Peru.
Most travertine has an earthy tone. The cavities can be filled with grout for a smoother surface and distinctive pattern.
As tile for indoor or outdoor flooring, as a building stone for splitface ashlar or rubble veneer, or dimensional travertine makes great vanity tops, fireplace surrounds or small specialty items such as light switch plates.